Institutions of 1911
Sanatoria, Catholic homes, poor law schools, asylums etc.






Daneswood Sanatorium (for consumptives), Woburn Sands, Bedford. Founded 1902. 22 beds (free treatment available). For Jewish people


St. Francis' Home, Shefford, Beds (orphanage for boys) (RC)


St. Francis’ Home, Luton - Diocesan Orphanage for Boys (RC)


Three Counties Lunatic Asylum, Luton




















Broadmoor Asylum, Bracknell


House of Mercy, Windsor, Berkshire


London Open-Air Sanatorium, Pinewoods, Ninemile Ride, Wokingham, Berks. Founded 1901. 60 beds






Epileptic Colony, Chalfont St. Peter









Asylum for the aged poor, Jersey


Orphanage of the Sacred Heart for Boys and Girls, Summerland, Jersey (RC)


The Pines (sanatorium for consumptives), St Brelade’s, Jersey. Founded 1904. 8 beds






Asylum, Stockport


Convalescent Home, Stockport


Convalescent Home, West Kirby


Conway Training Ship, Birkenhead (more information here: External website


Fever Hospital, Birkenhead


Fever Hospital, Clatterbridge


Fever Hospital, Stockport


Home for Aged Poor, Parkfield Avenue, Birkenhead - Little Sisters of the Poor (RC)


House of Mercy, Lache Lane, Chester


IndefatigableTraining Ship, Birkenhead (more information: External website)


Isolation Hospital, West Heath, Congleton


Orphanage and Industrial School for Boys, Stockport


Shrewsbury Children's Protection and Rescue Society, Birkenhead (RC)


St Hilary School, Wallasey, Wigan, Cheshire – boarding school for children requiring open-air treatment (for consumptives)


St. Elizabeth's House, Claughton Road, Birkenhead


St. Margaret's Home for Penitents, Mersey Road South, Rock Ferry, Birkenhead


Wirral Hospital for Children












Daughters of the Cross, Liskinnick House, Penzance (Orphanage for Girls) (RC)


Fever and Smallpox Hospital, Liskard/Liskeard


House of Mercy, Lostwithiel, Cornwall





Boys' Industrial School, Stanwix, Carlisle, under the Presentation Brothers (RC)


Cumberland Sanatorium (for consumptives), Blencathra, Cumberland. Founded 1904. 20 beds (free treatment available)


Fever Hospital, Brampton


Home for Penitents, Durran Hiill, Carlisle. Served from Saints Mary and Joseph's – under the Sisters of Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary (RC)


House of Incurables, Brampton


Orphanage of the Sacred Heart, Wigton, Cumberland (in charge of the Sisters of Mercy) (girls) (RC)


Orphanage of the Sacred Heart, Wigton, Cumberland (under the Sisters of Mercy) (RC)


Sacred Heart Maternity Home near Kendal, Cumbria (Catholic institution for unmarried pregnant women)


St Joseph's Home, Cumberland - under the Little Sisters of the Poor (RC)


St. James' (Bishop Chadwick's Memorial School), Carlisle, under the Presentation Brothers (certified industrial school for senior boys) (RC)


St. Joseph's Home, Carlisle (elderly poor) (RC)










Orphanage for Girls, St. Joseph's Convent, Derby (RC)






Blackadon Borough Asylum (aka Plymouth Borough Asylum, Blackadon, Bittaford Asylum), Ugborough, Ivybridge, Plymouth


Dartmoor Sanatorium (for consumptives), Chagford, Devon. Founded 1903. 20 beds


Devon and Cornwall Sanatorium for consumptives, Didworthy, South Brent, Devon. Founded 1903. 16 beds (free treatment available)


Dunstone Park Sanatorium (for consumptives), Paignton, Devon. Founded 1900. 10 beds


Holy Cross, Plymouth (orphanage for girls) (RC)


Home for the Aged and Infirm, Hartley, Plymouth (Little Sisters of the Poor) (RC)


Mary’s Priory, Torquay - Orphanage for girls, and Ladies' home (RC)


Mildmay Consumptive Home, Torquay, Devon. Founded 1886. 10 beds (for advanced cases)


Orphanage Priory, St. Mary's Church, Torquay (RC)


Poor law school for boys under fourteen, St. Vincent's, Teignmouth Road, Torre, Torquay - for children from workhouses, under Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent of Paul (RC)


Poor law school for girls, 21 Gasking Street, Plymouth - for children from workhouses, under Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent of Paul (RC)


St. Vincent's Orphanage, Teignmouth Road, Torre, Torquay  - includes a certifiedPoor law school for boys under 14 from the workhouse - under Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent of Paul (RC)


Western Hospital for Incipient Consumption, Torquay, Devon. Founded 1850. 40 beds





Alderney Manor Sanatorium (for consumptives), Oarkstone, Dorsetshire. Founded 1900. 28 beds


East Cliff House Convalescent Home for children, Bournemouth (Metropolitan Asylum Board)






Bellevue Sanatorium (for consumptives), Shotley Bridge, Durham. Founded 1899. 20 beds


Consumptive Sanatorium, Wolsingham


Durham Country Sanatorium (for consumptives), Stanhope. Durham. Founded 1899. 45 beds (free treatment available)


Girls' Certified Poor law school, St. Mary's Home, Tudhoe (RC)


 Poor law school for boys from the workhouses: St. Peter's Orphanage, Gainford (under the Sisters of Charity) (RC)


Poor law school for girls from the workhouses: St. Mary's Home, Tudhoe, Spennymoor (RC)


St. Joseph's Home, Carmel Road, Darlington (under the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul) (girls’ industrial schooll) (RC)


St. Mary's Home, Tudhoe, Spennymoor (Poor law school for girls from the workhouses) (RC)


St. Peter's Orphanage, Gainford (in charge of Sisters of Charity) (Poor law school for boys from the workhouses) (RC)





Convent of Mercy, Dansom Lane, Hull (RC)


East Riding Lunatic Asylum


House of Mercy, for girls to be trained as domestic servants, Convent of Mercy, Dansom Lane, Hull


Hull and East Riding Convalescent Home, Withernsea, East Riding. Founded 1900. 28 beds (for consumptives)


Night Shelter for Girls, Sculcoates


Park Street Orphan Home, Hull


St. Vincents Orphan Boys Home (founded 1909), Hull (RC)


Working Boys' Home, Sculcoates







Convalescent Home for consumptives, Thorneycroft, Clacton on Sea, Essex


Home for Crippled Girls, St. Michael's Convent of Mercy, Clacton-on-Sea


Maldon Sanatorium (for consumptives), Maldon, Essex



Manor House, Chigwell (for ophthalmic boys)


Nazareth House, Westcliff-on-Sea, Southend, Essex (convalescent orphanage for girls and poor law school for boys) (RC)


Royal Naval Barracks, Shotley, Suffolk/Essex


Sacred Heart Orphanage for girls, Brentwood, Essex. Under the Sisters of Mercy (RC)


St Albans House of Mercy, Great Maplestead, Braintree, Essex


Westcliff-on-Sea, Southend, Essex (a branch house of Nazareth House for infirm and delicate children) (RC)






Catholic Reformatory for Girls, Arno's Vale, Bristol (RC)


Cotswold Sanatorium (for consumptives), Birdlip, Glos. Founded 1898. 39 beds


Diocesan Rescue Society, for rescuing children in danger of losing their faith, Clifton, Bristol (RC)


House of Mercy, Ashley Road, Bedminster, Bristol


House of Mercy, Bussage,  Stroud


House of Refuge for Penitents, Arno's Vale, Bristol (RC)


Houses of Refuge for Aged Poor under the Little Sisters of the Poor, Cotham Park, Bristol (RC)


Institute for young women (founded 1864), Stroud?


Nazareth House, Cheltenham (RC)


Orphanage (founded 1862), Stroud?


Orphanage for Girls - Cheltenham


Orphanage for Girls - Franciscan Convent, Woodchester, Nailsworth (RC)


Orphanage for girls from the workhouses – Westbury on Trym, Bristol


Painswick Sanatorium (for consumptives), Painswick, Glos. Founded 1900. 12 beds


St. Rose's Convent, Stroud, Glos (Special School certified by the Board of Education for physically defective and crippled girls) (RC)





Asylum and Infectious Hospital, Portsmouth


Asylum for the aged poor, Southsea and Jersey


Female Orphanage, Southsea


Firs Home, Bournemouth, Hampshire. 20 beds (for consumptives at advanced stage)


Hahnemann Home (sanatorium for consumptives), Bournemouth, Hampshire. Founded 1879. 32 beds (free treatment available)


Hants County Lunatic Asylum, Knowle


Isolation Hospital, Basingstoke


Linford Sanatorium (for consumptives), Ringwood. Hants. Founded 1899. 24 beds


Lunatic Asylum, Isle of Wight


Moorcote (sanatorium for consumptives), Eversley, Hampshire. Founded 1899. 20 beds


National Sanatorium (for consumptives), Bournemouth, Hampshire. Founded 1855. 71 beds


Nazareth House, Lawrence Road, Portsmouth - Orphanage for Girls and home for Aged (RC)


Orphanage for Boys, Romsey


Orphanage for little boys, Franciscan Convent, Aldershot (RC)


Our Lady of Charity and Refuge, Waterlooville, Cosham (RC)


Overton Hall sanatorium (for consumptives), Poole Road, Bournemouth, Hampshire. Founded 1898. 12 beds


Refuge for Penitents, Bitterne, Southampton (RC)


Refuge for Penitents, Waterlooville (RC)


Royal National Hospital for Consumption, Ventnor, Isle of Wight. Founded 1869. 155 beds


Society of St. Vincent de Paul, 115 Commercial Road, Landport, Portsmouth (RC)


St Catherine’s Home (sanatorium for consumptives in advanced stages), Ventnor, Isle of Wight. Founded 1879. 12 beds


St Joseph’s Home (Roman Catholic convalescent home for consumptives), Bournemouth, Hampshire. 72 beds (free treatment available) Under the Sisters of Mercy


St. Mary's Industrial Preventive Home for Children, Eastleigh (RC)


St. Michael's Convent, Southampton. - refuge for girls and women (RC)






St. Vincent's, Berrington Street, Hereford (Girls) (for children from the workhouse) (RC)







Bethlehem Convalescent Home, Witley near Wormley, Broxbourne (probably connected to the Bethlehem Asylum )


Bushey Heath Cottage Hospital, Hertsmere, Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire Convent, Hadham, Hertfordshire (for epileptic boys and girls)


Isolation Hospital, Herfordshire


Leavesden Imbecile Asylum, Herfordshire (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


Napsbury Asylum, St Albans, Herfordshire


School for Epileptic Children, Herfordshire (under Daughters of the Cross) (RC)









Arethusa training ship, Greenhithe


Barming Lunatic Asylum, Barming Heath, Maidstone, Kent. Founded in 1833 as the Kent Lunatic Asylum. later known as Oakwood Hospital. Closed in 1994.


City of London Lunatic Asylum, Stone, Dartford


Convalescent Home for girls and little boys, the Convent, Grosvenor Place, Margate (RC)


Darenth Fever Hospital, Darenth,Dartford, Kent


Diocesan Orphanage for little Boys, Mottingham – under the Sisters of Charity. Served from Eltham (RC)


Fever Hospital, Skym Corner, Bromley



Haine Fever Hospital, Ramsgate


House for training and protection of girls of good character, Convent of Mercy, Ramsgate (RC)


Hythe Beach Rocks and Convalescent Homes, Sandgate


Industrial school for boys, Dartford


Industrial school for Boys, Whitstable (for little boys)


Industrial school for little boys - Whitstable


MAB District Asylum, Darenth


MAB School, ‘White Oak’, Swanley Junction (Metropolitan Asylum Home).


Mottingham House, Eltham (for little boys) (Poor Law School — for Children from Workhouses)


Orphanage for Boys, St. Joseph's, Orpington (RC)


Orphanage for Boys, St. Mary's, Eltham (RC)


Orphanage for girls - Deal


Orphanage for girls - Eltham


Orphanage for girls - Folkestone


Orphanage for girls - St. Anne's, Orpington


Royal Sea-bathing infirmary, Margate, Kent. Founded 1791. 16 beds (treating consumption with sea swimming)


Salesian Institution, Dover (boys)


Salesian Institution, Margate (boys)


Salesian Institution, Mottingham (boys)


Seaside Sanatorium (for consumptives), Sandgate, Folkstone. Kent


St, Anne's Orphanage, Orpington (included a Poor Law School  — for Children from Workhouses) – under the Sisters of Mercy (RC)


St. Anne's Home for children, Herne Bay (Metropolitan Asylum Home)


St. Joseph's Orphanage for Boys, Orpington – under the Presentation Brothers (RC)


St. Mary's, Eltham (for little boys and girls, scalp diseases) (Poor Law School  — for Children from Workhouses)


St. Mary's, Roehampton - Orphanage for Girls


St. Vincent's Industrial School, Whitstable - for little boys. Sisters of Mercy.


Victoria Home for Children, Margate


Warspite training ship, Greenhithe


West Ham Convalescent Home, Margate


Worcester training ship, Greenhithe














Beacon Lane orphanage and industrial school, under Sisters of Charity, Liverpool - served from Our Lady Immaculate (boys) (RC)


Birkdale Farm School (reformatory school for boys) (Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association - opened in 1872)


Blind Asylum (founded 1841), Brunswick Road, and Rice House, West Derby, Liverpool, under Sisters of Charity, served from St. Francis Xavier's President (RC)


Blind Asylum, Rice House, Leyfield, Liverpool


Boys' Orphanage, Beacon Lane, Liverpool, under Sisters of Charity (RC)


Boys' Refuge and Night Asylum, 62 St. Anne Street, Liverpool, served from St. Mary of the Angels


Boys’  industrial school, St. George's, West Derby Road, Liverpool (served from St. Michael's)


Catholic Benevolent Society (founded 1810), Liverpool - to assist the Sick Poor through the Clergy (RC)


Consumption Hospital, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool, served from the Pro-Cathedral


Convalescent Home for Children (West Derby Union), West Derby, served from St. Paul's, West Derby


Convalescent Home, Allerton Road, Liverpool


Convent of Sisters of the Sacred Hearts: Certified School for mentally defective children, Liverpool


Everton Crescent, Liverpool (girls’ night home), under Sisters of Charity, served from St. Mary of the Angels (RC)


Falkner Street, Liverpool (girls’ orphanage), under Sisters of Notre Dame, served from the Oratory of St. Philip Neri (RC)


Farnworth Nautical School, Liverpool (reformatory school for boys) Known formally as St. Aiden's. (Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association) (RC)


Father Berry's Homes (boys), 105 Shaw Street, Liverpool


Fazakerley Isolation Hospital, Liverpool


Girls' Reformatory School, May Place. Freshfield, Liverpool Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association


Girls’ orphanage, Falkner Street, Liverpool, under Sisters of Notre Dame (RC)


Girls’ Reformatory, May Place, Old Swan, served from Old Swan (Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association) (RC)


Home for Catholic Working Boys, St. George's Auxiliary Home, 47 Everton Road, Liverpool (RC)


Hotel Dieu, Waterloo, Liverpool - under Augustine Sisters (hospital) (RC)


House of Mercy for Servants out of place, Mount Vernon, Liverpool, under the Sisters of Mercy (RC)


House of Providence, Woodlands Road, Liverpool, under Sisters of the Sacred Hearts (RC)



Knolle Park poor law school, Church Road, Liverpool, under Sisters of St. Catherine.


Knolle Park poor law school for girls, Woolton


Liverpool Hospital for Consumption, Liverpool. Founded 1864. 44 beds


Liverpool Parochial Sanatorium (for consumptives), Heswall. Founded 1902. 24 beds (free treatment available)


Liverpool Port Authority Isolation Hospital


Liverpool Workhouse Convalescent Home, Luton Street, Liverpool - served from St. Alban's


Magdalen Asylum, Paul Street, Liverpool (RC)


Magdalen Asylum, Rosemont, Edge Lane, Liverpool, under Poor Servants of the Mother of God (RC)


Manor House Epileptic Hospital.


May Place, Old Swan, Liverpool (reformatory school for girls)-  under Sisters of Charity (Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association) Opened 1876 (RC)


Mill Lane, Highfield House (Epileptics), Highfield Infirmary, served from St. Oswald's, Old Swan


Moss Side House Convalescent Home (Liverpool Select Vestry)


Nazareth House Home for Destitute Children (Boys), Liverpool


Netherfield Road City Hospital, Liverpool - served from Our Lady Immaculate


Night home for girls, Limekiln Lane, Liverpool -  under the Poor Servants of the Mother of God (RC)


Night Homes for Girls (founded 1890), Everton Crescent, Liverpool  - under the Sisters of Charity, served from St. Mary of the Angels (girls) (RC)


Nugent House, Canterbury Street, Liverpool (home for working boys)


Nursing and Convalescent Institution, Park House, Waterloo, Liverpool.


Orphanage, Beacon Lane, Liverpool


Our Lady's House for Homeless Babes, 93 Shaw Street, Liverpool (Father Berry's Homes for Catholic Friendless Children) (RC)


Rice House, West Derby, Liverpool (home for blind people)


Sisters of Charity. Liverpool (RC)


Sisters of Nazareth, Woolton Road, Liverpool (RC)


St. Anne's, Freshfield, Liverpool - under Sisters of Charity (girls’  industrial school) (RC)


St. Ann's High School, Southport Road, Liverpool. Workhouse and poor law school


St. Anthony's Home for Destitute Children, 95, 97 Shaw Street, Liverpool (Father Berry's Homes for Catholic Friendless Children) (RC)


St. Augustine's Home, Aigburth Road, Liverpool (Home for the aged poor, under Little Sisters of the Poor) (RC)


St. Augustine's Home, Aigburth Road, Liverpool, served from


St. Bernard's Training Home for Boys, 119 Shaw Street, Liverpool (Father Berry's Homes for Catholic Friendless Children) (RC)


St. Charles', Liverpool (home for aged poor)


St. Edward's poor law school for boys, Broad Green, Liverpool


St. Elizabeth's Institute (girls’ orphanage and  industrial school), 64 Breckfield Road South, Liverpool - served from St. Michael's - under the Sisters of Mercy (RC)


St. George's Auxiliary Home, 47 Everton Road, Liverpool


St. George's  industrial school, West Derby Road, Liverpool (boys)


St. Helen's Hospital, Liverpool


St. Joseph's Home (founded 1874), Belmont Road, Liverpool (Home for the aged poor, under Little Sisters of the Poor) (RC)


St. Joseph's Home for Servants out of place, Everton Crescent, Liverpool, under Sisters of Charity (RC)


St. Philip's Home for Street Trading Boys, Marble Street, Liverpool. Opened 1892. Opened by Father Berry under the Liverpool Catholic Childrens Protection Society (RC)


St. Vincent's Home for Working Boys, 105 Shaw Street (Father Berry's Homes for Catholic Friendless Children) (RC)


Toxteth Union, Liverpool - served from St. Hugh's






85 Rumford Street, Oxford Street, Manchester (home for girls)


Home for Working Boys, Fairy Hill, Waterloo Road, Manchester (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


 industrial school for Boys, Richmond Grove, Manchester


Orphanage for boys, Richmond Grove, Manchester


Partington Convalescent Homes, Manchester


Richmond Grove, Manchester  (orphanage for boys – served from St Joseph’s, Longsight)


St Joseph’s Convent, St Vincent Street, Ancoats (home for girls)

St. Gerard's Home (for Waifs and Strays), Denmark Road, Manchester (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society)


St. Joseph's Convent, Victoria Park, Manchester (orphanage and industrial school for girls) (RC)




Blackbrook House, St. Helens, under Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Mary ( industrial school for girls) (RC)


Broughton Road, Preston  (Home for the aged poor, under Little Sisters of the Poor) (RC)


Buckley Hall, near Rochdale (Brothers of Charity) (boys) (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


Country Hospital for Chronic Diseases of Children, Heswall, Deeside, Lancs


Delaware Sanatorium (for consumptives), Birch Hill, Lancs. Founded 1905. 90 beds


Dingle Hospital for female epileptics, Burnley - served from Our Lady of Mount Carmel


Fylde Union Workhouse


Greenfield House (poor law school for girls), Birchley, Wigan


Holly Mount, Tottington, near Bury (girls) (Sisters of Charity of Jesus and Mary) (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


Infectious Hospital, Litherland, Sefton. Served from St. Elizabeth's


Leyfield poor law school, West Derby, under Sisters of Charity (RC)


Liverpool Sanatorium (for consumptives), Roughhill, Kingswood, Lancs. Founded 1901. 40 beds


Magdalen Asylum, Ford and Wavertree, near Liverpool, under Sisters of the Good Shepherd (RC)


Manchester Hospital for consumptives, Bowdon, Lancs. Founded 1875. 50 beds


Nazareth House, Ditton, Widnes (RC)



Nazareth House, Great Crosby, Ditton, Lancaster for Destitute, Crippled, and Incurable Children (RC)


Nazareth House, Great Crosby, Sefton, Lancashire (RC)


Nazareth House, Lancaster (RC)


Nazareth House, Wavertree : for Destitute, Crippled, and Incurable Children and, when space permits, for Aged Poor of both sexes (RC)


Pontville, Ormskirk (poor law school for defective children)


poor law school for boys, Fulwood, Preston


poor law school for girls, Moorfields, Preston


poor law school, Greenfield House, Merseyside - Sisters of Charity of St Paul (RC)


Prescot Union (Whiston) Workhouse, served from Prescot.


Prestwich Home for Little Children, Nazareth House, Prestwich (home for Children under 12) (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


Princes Street, Blackburn (Missionary Sisters of St. Joseph) (home for Children under 12) (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


Providence Hospital (founded 1882), St. Helen's, under Poor Servants of the Mother of God (RC)


Rainhill Lunatic Asylum, served from Portico, Prescot.


Sisters of Mercy, Green Lane, Wavertree


St. Aidan's Nautical Training School, Farnworth, near Widnes (known as the Farnworth Nautical Reformatory) Opened 1907. Boys. Run by the Liverpool Catholic Refomatory Association (RC)


St. Bridget's Orphanage, Cross and Passion Convent, 43 Crescent, Salford (for girls) (RC)


St. George's, Nelson, under Franciscan Sisters of the Holy Ghost (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


St. Joseph's Home, Patricroft, Eccles (home for Children under 12) (under Catholic Protection and Rescue Society) (RC)


St. Joseph's orphanage for girls, Theatre Street, Preston, under Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy (RC)


St. Joseph's Sick Institution (founded 1871), Mount Street, Preston, under Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy (RC)


St. Thomas's Home, Tulketh Hall, Preston. industrial school and Home for friendless Boys, under the Brothers of Charity (RC)


St. Vincent's School, Fulwood.


Warrington Union industrial school, served from Woolston.


Westmorland Sanatorium (for consumptives). Meathop, Lancs. Founded 1900. 28 beds (free treatment available)


Wigan Sanatorium and Small pox Hospital.


Workhouse (Wigan Union)










Dominican Sisters, Leicester (girls) (RC)


Franciscan Tertiaries, Melton Mowbray (girls) (RC)


Isolation Hospital, Leicester


Lunatic Asylum, Leicester


Sisters of Providence, Loughborough (girls)





Home for Girls, Great Grimsby


Industrial Training School, Great Grimsby


Sisters of St. Joseph, Great Grimsby (girls)


Sisters of St. Joseph, Lincoln (girls)









Association for the Care of Catholic Crippled Children, 18 Egerton Terrace, London SW (RC)


Asylum for Aged Poor, Meadow Road, South Lambeth - Little Sisters of the Poor (RC)


Belgrave Hospital for Children, Clapham Road, London


Bethlehem Asylum, St George’s Fields, Southwark (also known as Bethlem Royal Hospital, St Mary Bethlehem, Bethlehem Hospital and Bedlam). Founded 1247 as an institution for poor people, developed into an institution for insane people and finally a psychiatric asylum. (Moved to West Wickham in 1930)


Bridge  industrial school for Feeble-minded boys, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


Brompton Hospital for Consumptives, Fulham Road, London. Founded 1841. 321 beds (linked to this hospital was a convalesent home for recovering patients - Heatherside)


Brompton Sanatorium, Frimley


Camberwell House Asylum, Peckham Road, London


Catholic Emigration Society, London


Certified Household Training Home, 37 Aynhoe Road, West London


Children's Hospital, Hackney Road, London


Children's Hospital, Paddington Green, London


Children's Infirmary, Hither Green


City of London Hospital for Diseases of the chest, Victoria Park, London. Founded 1848. 164 beds (consumption sanatorium)


City of London Hospital for Diseases of the chest, Victoria Park, London. Founded 1848. 164 beds (consumption sanatorium)


City of London Union Workhouse, Bow Road


Convalescent Home, Hanwell, West London


Convalescent Home, Twyford Abbey, Park Royal, London


Convent and orphanage, Cromwell Hill, London (RC)


Convent and School of Sisters of Providence, 76 Devonshire Road, London (RC)


Convent of Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, Bethell Avenue, London. At this convent young girls had work in embroidery, carpet-making, etc. (RC)


Convent of Mercy, Whitta Road, London


Convent of Providence, Hampstead Green, London (poor law school for girls) (RC)


Convent of Sisters of Charity (under St. Vincent of Paul), Little Ealing Lane, South Ealing, London (RC)


Convent of the Most Holy Sacrament, Brompton Branch of the International Catholic Society for Protecting Girls, 35 Brompton Square, London SW (RC)


Convent, Little Ealing Lane, West London, (125 beds for girls) (run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) (RC)


Daughters of the Cross, St Joseph's School, 50 Brook Green, London. Served from the Holy Trinity Church


East End Mothers' Home, 39 Commercial Road, London


East Ham Diphtheria and Fever Hospital, Walthamstow, London

Eastern Fever Hospital, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylums Board - MAB)


Exmouth Training Ship, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


Free Home for the Dying, Clapham, London


French Hospital, Servants of the Sacred Heart, Shaftesbury Avenue, London (for  Huguenot descendants -  members of the French Protestant Church, who left France in the 17th and 18th centuries to escape persecution) Founded 1867


Friedenheim, Hampstead, London (hospital)


Hanwell Lunatic Asylum, Norwood


Home for Girls, 9 Lower Seymour Street, London


Home for Consumptive Females, Paddington, London


Home for Working Boys, 5-17 Westminster Bridge-road, SE London


Home for Working Girls, 26 Bow Road, East London


Home for Working Girls, 654 Rotherhithe Street, London


Home of Providence Night Refuge, London


Hospital for Incurables, Streatham Common


Hospital of St. John and St. Elizabeth, Sisters of  Mercy, 40 Grove End Road, St. John's Wood, London


House of Mercy, St. Edward's Convent, Blandford Square, London NW


 Industrial school for Girls, Nazareth House, Isleworth, Hounslow


Infirmary for Consumption, Margaret Street, London. Linked to Richmond House for convalescing patients


Institution for young men, 10 Elms Road, Clapham (Brothers of St Gabriel)


Isolation Hospital, Westbourne


Italian Hospital, Sisters of Charity, 41 Queen Square, London WC (RC)


Ladies' Settlement, 109-111, St. George's Road, Lambeth, London


LCC (London County Council) Lunatic Asylum, Bexley


Licensed Victuallers' Asylum, London


Little Sisters of the Poor, Manor Road, Stoke Newington, London (RC)


Little Sisters of the Poor, Portobello Road, Notting Hill, London (RC)


Lunatic Asylum, London


Lying-in Hospital, City Road, London


Lying-in Hospital, Endell Street, London


MAB School, High Wood, London - for Ophthalmia and feeble-minded girls (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


MAB Brook Fever Hospital, Shooter's Hill (Metropolitan Asylum Board)


Marist Convent, 727 High Road, Tottenham, London (orphanage for girls)






Metropolitan Asylum Home Fever Hospital, Stockwell.


Metropolitan Asylum Board South Eastern Fever Hospital, New Cross


Metropolitan Asylum Board Tooting Bec Imbecile Asylum


Mount Vernon Country Branch Hospital, Northwoods (referred from Mount Vernon Hospital for Consumptives, London)


Mount Vernon Hospital for Consumptives, Hampstead. London. Founded 1860. 120 beds



Nazareth House, Hammersmith, London - Poor Sisters of Nazareth (for the elderly and children in need) (RC)


Nazareth House, Isleworth, Hounslow - Poor Sisters of Nazareth (for the elderly and children in need. Certified as an industrial school) (RC


Nazareth House, Richmond Road, London (RC)


North Eastern Fever Hospital, Stamford Hill, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


North London Fever Hospital, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylums Board)


Northern Convalescent Fever Hospital, Winchmore Hill, London (run by the Metropolitan Asylum Board)


Orphanage for girls – Norwood


Orphanage for girls - St. Mary's, Roehampton


Orphanage, Hassett Road, Homerton, London NE (poor law school for girls)


Peckham Asylum, Peckham Road


Pield Heath House, Hillingdon (for ‘defective’ girls)


Providence Night Refuge (for Men, Women, and Children), Crispin Street, East London (Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue)


Receiving Home, 48 Compton Street, Russell Square, London (Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue, and Homes for Destitute Children)


Reformatory School for Boys, St. John's, Walthamstow, London


Royal Hospital for Diseases of the Chest, City Road, London. Founded 1814. 80 beds


Royal Hospital for Incurables, Putney


Salesian Institution, Battersea, S.W.London (boys)


Sanatorium and Fever Hospital, London


Sisters of Charity (under protection of SVP – St Vincent de Paul), 45 Avenue Road, London (RC)


Sisters of Charity (under protection of SVP – St Vincent de Paul), 40 Rothschild Road, London. Hand laundry and creche (RC)


Sisters of Charity of St. Paul, 3 High Road, London (RC)


Sisters of Charity, 6 Eastbrook Place, London  (Home for boys and girls)


Sisters of Charity, 642 Commercial Road, London


Sisters of Charity, 9 Lower Seymour Street, West London (orphanage for girls)


Sisters of Charity, Carlisle Place, Victoria Street, London SW (orphanage for girls and workroom)


Sisters of Charity, Church Road, London


Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth, the Convent, London Road, London - Boarding and Day School (RC)


Southwark Rescue Society and Workhouse Association, Westminster Bridge Road, SE London


St Anne's, Feltham, Hounslow. Founded 1905 by the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children. Closed in 1950s


St Luke’s House, NW London (hospital)


St Peter’s Home, Kilburn, London (hospital)


St, Mary's home for girls, Walthamstow (founded 1859 by the Crusade of Rescue Homes for Orphans and Destitute Children)


St. Andrew's, Dollis Hill. London


St. Anne's Home (St. Pancras Workhouse).


St. Anne's Home, Portobello Road, West London (for ophthalmic girls)


St. Anthony's Home for Boys, Hatton, near Feltham, Hounslow (200 beds) (run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusude of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) Opened 1905, closed 1950s


St. Benedict's School for Boys, Orchard Dene, Blakesley Avenue, London


St. Catherine's Home for orphan boys, Watford


St. Catherine's Home for orphan girls, Watford


St. Edward's School, Totteridge, North London (poor law school for girls)


St. Elizabeth's Convent, London


St. George's Boys' Home (for working boys), 5 - 17 Westminster Bridge Road


St. George's Home, Hintonburgh, Ottawa, Canada, for emigrated children (run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) (RC)


St. John's Reformatory School, London


St. Joseph's Convalescent Home, London


St. Joseph's Home for Boys, Holtwhites Hill, Enfield (opened 1890 - 180 beds) (run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusude of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) (RC)


St. Joseph's home for children, Rose Lane, Stepney. Opened in 1876 by the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children (RC)


St. Joseph's Hospice for the Dying, Sisters of Charity, Mare Street, Hackney, London (RC)


St. Joseph's School, 50 Brook Green, West London (poor law school for girls)


St. Mary's Home for Working Girls, 64 Lambeth Road, London


St. Mary's Home, 41 Brook Green Road, Hammersmith, West London (orphanage for girls)


St. Mary's Hospital for Women and Children, Plaistow, London


St. Mary's Orphanage, North Hyde, Southall, Ealing, London (approx 300 children). Founded by the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children


St. Nicholas's  industrial school, Manor Park, London (founded 1862 by the  Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) (RC)


St. Pancras Workhouse Infirmary, London (includes a Convalescent Hospital for Children)


St. Patrick's Home for working boys, 14 Manette Street, Soho, West London (opened 1900 - 100 beds) (run by the Incorporated Society of the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children)


St. Vincent's Cripples' Home, Eastcote, London


St. Vincent's Home, Hammersmith (est. 1859 by the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children) Moved to Harrow Road in 1876 (RC)


St. Vincent's School (poor law school for infant boys), Mill Hill, London


St. Vincent's, Church Street, Kensington, West London (orphanage for girls)


St. Vincent's, Feltham, Hounslow. Founded 1905 by the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children. Closed in 1950s (RC)


St. Winifrid's Elementary School, Church Road, London


Stepney Children's Receiving Home, Barnes Street, Ratcliff, London


Surgical and Medical Home, Mayfair, West London, with Convalescent Home, Hampstead


The Crusade of Rescue for Girls based at the Convent of Sisters of Charity, Little Ealing Lane, South Ealing, London


Tooting Home for Aged Poor.


Training Ship ‘Ganges II’, London


Upton House Truant School, London


Walthamstow General Hospital, London


Walthamstow House, Walthamstow, London (poor law school for girls)


West Ham Fever Hospital, London


West Ham Truant School, London


Westminster Diocesan Education Fund for Poor Children


St. Charles's School, Brentwood, London (poor law school for boys) Opened 1884. It was run at different rimes by the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul and the Christian Brothers and the Crusade of Rescue and Homes for Destitute Children. Closed in 1954.


St. Helen's Orphanage, St. Thomas' Road, Brentwood (boys)


Preservation Home, Brentford (orphanage for girls)








Kelling Sanatorium (for consumptives), Holt, Norfolk. Founded 1903. 42 beds (free treatment available)


Mundesley Sanatorium (for consumptives), Mundesley, Norfolk. Founded 1899 31 (free treatment available)


The Beeches (sanatorium for consumptives), Long Stratton, Norfolk. Founded 1900. 35 beds





Convalescent Home, Whitby, under the Sisters of Mercy (RC)


Poor Law school, Middlesborough – under the Poor Sisters of Nazareth (RC)






Asylum for Aged Poor and destitute Children, Nazareth House, Leicester Road, Northampton (also certified as a Poor Law School).


Berry Wood Asylum, Northampton


Convent of the Sisters of Charity, Manor House Street, Northampton


Nazareth House, Leicester Road, Northampton







City Lunatic Asylum, Coxlodge


House of Mercy, Salters Road, Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne


Northumberland Sanatorium (for consumptives), Barrasford, Hexham. Founded 1905. 50 beds


Orphanage and Poor Law School, Burnfoot - under Sisters of Mercy (RC)


Prudhoe Convalescent Home, Whitley Bay


St. Joseph's Home, Elswick, Newcastle-on-Tyne (elderly poor)


St. Joseph's Home, High Barnes, Sunderland (elderly poor)


St. Vincent's Orphanage, Brunei Terrace, Newcastle-on-Tyne (with working boys' home and industrial school for junior girls adjoining) (under the Sisters of Charity) (RC)


























City Asylum, Nottingham


Nottinghamshire Sanatorium (for consumptives), Mansfield, Notts. Founded 1902. 30 beds (free treatment available)


Sisters of Mercy, Nottingham (girls)


Sisters of St. Joseph, Nottingham (girls)






Hailey Open-Air Sanatorium (for consumptives), Ipsden, Wallingford, Oxfordshire. Founded 1900. 30 beds


Headington Workhouse, Oxford


Kingswood Sanatorium (for consumptives), Peppard, Oxfordshire. Founded 1900. 12 beds


Littlemore Asylum, Oxford


Maitland Cottage Sanatorium (for consumptives), Oxfordshire. Founded 1901. 16 beds


Oxford (orphanage for girls)


Sisters of Nazareth, Oxford (home for the aged poor) (RC)


St. Bernard's Home for Incurables, Bicester, Oxon








Ayrshire Sanatorium for consumptives, Ashmark, Ayrshire. Founded 1905. 12 beds


Banchory Sanatorium for consumptives, Banchory, Kincardineshire. Founded 1900. 52 beds


Bellefield Sanatorium for consumptives, near Lanark, Lanarkshire. Founded 1904. 30 beds


Bridge of Weir Sanatorium for consumptives, Renfrewshire. Founded 1898. 80 beds


Caverhill Sanatorium for consumptives, Near Peebles, Peebleshire. Founded 1904. 14 beds


Children's Refuge, 48 Minto Street, Edinburgh


Children's Refuge, Bellevue, Rutherglen.


Grampian Sanatorium for consumptives, Kingussie, Inverness. Founded 1901. 20 beds


Hillside Home Consumption Sanatorium, Barnhill, Perthshire. Founded 1901. 20 beds


Home for Working Boys, 52 Lauriston Place, Edinburgh


House of Mercy for Servants out of place, and for the training of Girls of good character, Lauriston Gardens, Edinburgh


 Industrial school for Boys, Kenmure, Bishopriggs


 Industrial school for Girls, Dalbeth, Glasgow


 Industrial schoolfor boys Slatefield Sreet, Glasgow


 Industrial school for Girls, 74 Abercromby Street


 Industrial schooll for Girls, Nazareth House, Aberdeen


Ochil Hills Sanatorium for consumptives, Milnathort, Kinrossshire. Founded 1902. 60 beds


Orphanage for Boys, Aberdeen


Orphanage for Girls, Aberdeen


Paisley Sanatorium for consumptives, Renfrewshire. Founded 1898. 80 beds


Probation Home for Boys, 22 Market Street, Glasgow


Reformatory School for Boys, Westthorn, Tollcross, Glasgow


Royal Victoria Hospital for Consumption, Craigleith, Edinburgh. Founded 1894. 102 beds (free treatment available)


Sacred Heart Home for Penitents, Liberton, Edinburgh


Sidlaw Sanatorium for consumptives, Auchterhouse, Forfarshire. Founded 1903. 40 beds


St. Anne's Convalescent Home, Musselburgh


St. Anne's Dispensary and Home for Respectable Girls, 26 George Square, Edinburgh


St. Joseph's  industrial school and Boys' Orphanage, Tranent


St. Mary's Orphanage, Smyllum, Lanark.


St. Teresa's Girls' Orphanage, 18 Morningside Road, Edinburgh


St. Vincent's Home for Destitute Children, 9 Upper Gray Street, Edinburgh


Woodburn Sanatorium for consumptives, Morningside, Edinburgh. Founded 1899. 24 beds


Working Boys' Home: 11 Oak Street, Glasgow


Working Boys' Home: 21 Whitevale Street, Glasgow


Working Girls' Home, 26 Magdalen Yard Road, Dundee










House of Mercy, Shrewsbury - for training domestic servants







Engel Home (Sanatorium for consumptives), Cheddar, Somersetshire


 industrial school for Boys, Cannington


Luftkur Sanatorium (for consumptives), Portbury, Somersetshire. Founded 1904


Mendip Hills Sanatorium (for consumptives), Mendip Hill, Somersetshire. Founded 1900. 20 beds


Nordrach upon Mendip Sanatorium (for consumptives), Mendip Hills, Somersetshire. Founded 1899. 40 beds


Orphanage for Girls - Minehead


Orphanage for girls - Taunton


St Michael’s Home (Sanatorium for consumptives),  Axbridge, Somersetshire


St Mary’s home for boys, North Hyde, Southall (founded 1864 by the Crusade of Rescue Homes for Orphans and Destitute Children)







Birmingham Diocesan Rescue Society, for the Protection and Rescue of Destitute Catholic Children


Catholic Working Boys' Home, 102 Moseley Road, Birmingham - known as St Vincent's


Convent of Mercy, Lowe Street, Camp Hill, Birmingham


Convent of Our Lady of Mercy, Handsworth.


Convent of St. Chad, 16 Whittall Street, Birmingham


County Asylum, Burntwood, nr Lichfield


County Asylum, Cheddleton


County Asylum, Staffordshire


Edgbaston orphanage for boys


Fever and Smallpox Hospital


Hednesford Accident Home, Stoke on Trent


Hospital of St Dominic, for incurable female patients, Stone.


House of Retreat for Working Girls. Retreat of the Sacred Heart (from Bruges). 24 Wheeley Road, Edgbaston.


Isolation Hospital, Staffordshire


Little Sisters of the Poor, Cobridge. Stoke on Trent (home for the aged poor) )RC)


Monyhull Colony for Epileptics, Kings Norton


Orphanage and Training Home, Brougham Street, Birmingham


Orphanage for boys, Edgbaston


Sisters of Charity of St. Paul, Vernon Road, Edgbaston


Sisters of Charity, Birmingham (home for girls)


Sisters of Charity, St. Anthony's, Shadwell Street, Birmingham


Sisters of Charity. St. Anthony's Home, Vicarage Road, Edgbaston (Home for girls)


Sisters of Nazareth, Selly Park (orphanage for girls)


Sisters of Nazareth, Nazareth House.


St. Joseph's Convent, Forebridge, Stafford


St. Joseph's Home, Harborne (home for the aged poor)


St. Margaret's Home for Incurables. North Staffordshire


St. Mary's Convent of Mercy. Orphanage for Girls, Staffs


St. Mary's Convent, Maryvale, Old Oscott (orphanage for girls)


St. Mary's Refuge, Northfield, Birmingham


Wolverhampton (orphanage for girls)


Women's Hospital, Showell Green







Borough and County Asylum, Ipswich


East Anglian Sanatorium (for consumptives), Nayland, Suffolk 1900 (a sanatorium for poorer classes in grounds – men do farm work and women do housekeeping)


Orphanage for Girls, St. Mary's Convent, Albion Hill, Ipswich (also certified as a Poor Law School)


St Mary’s Convent, Albion Hill, Ipswich – with boarding school, poor School, and orphanage attached


St. Mary's Convent, Albion Hill, Ipswich (orphanage for girls and certified poor law school).







Belmont Lunatic Asylum. Founded in 1853 on Brighton Road, Sutton as an orphanage and poor law school for children Greenwich, Camberwell and Woolwich. It closed as an orphanage in 1902 and later became a psychiatric hsopital which closed in the 1980s.


Brookwood County Asylum, Woking, Surrey. Founded 1867.


Cane Hill Surrey County Pauper Lunatic Asylum, Coulsdon. Opened 1882


Crooksbury Ridges Sanatorium (for consumptives), Farnham, Surrey. Founded 1900. 24 beds


Croydon Mental Hospital, Warlingham


Earlswood Asylum, Redhill


Faithful Virgin, Norwood, Surrey (for girls) (Poor Law School — for Children from Workhouses) (RC)


Heatherside Sanatorium and Convalescent Home, Camberley, Surrey. Founded 1904. 100 beds (free) Attached to Brompton Hospital for Consumption


Holloway's Sanatorium, Virginia Water


 Industrial school for Girls, Croydon


Isolation Hospital, Guildford


Isolation Hospital, Beddington


London County Asylum, Banstead


London County Council Asylum, Cane Hill, Coulsdon


MAB Asylum for Imbeciles, Caterham


MAB The Children’s Infirmary, Carshalton Beeches. Surrey  (renamed Queen Mary's Hospital for Children after 1914 when Queen Mary visitied) 1909-1993


MAB, 44 The Downs’ Schools, Sutton


Manor Hospital / Manor Asylum, Epsom, Surrey (London County Council – LCC). Opened 1899. For the treatment of people detained under the Lunacy Act.


Meath Convalescent Home for Epileptics, Godalming (Founded 1892 and named after the Countess of Meath).


Netherne County Asylum


Ockley Sanatorium (for consumptives), Ockley, Surrey. Founded 1903. 12 beds


Refuge for Penitents. Convents of the Poor Servants of the Mother of God — Russell House, Streatham, Surrey


Royal Cambridge Asylum, Kingston


Tolworth Isolation Hospital, Kingston upon Thames


Walton Convalescent Home, Weybridge


Whitmead Hill Sanatorium (for consumptives), Tilford, Surrey. Founded 1899. 20 beds


Woodhurst Sanatorium (for consumptives), Dorking, Surrey. Founded 1902. 16 beds





Asylum for Aged Poor, Old Shoreham Road, Brighton


Brighton Borough County Asylum, Haywards Heath


Brighton Sanatorium


Convalescent Home, Rottingdean.


Convalescent Home, Worthing


Eversfield Hospital (for consumptives), St Leonards on Sea, Sussex. Founded 1884. 55 beds


French Convalescent Home, Brighton - convalescent care for people in the French Hospital, London. Founded 1895.


Holy Trinity orphanage, Mayfield, Sussex (for boys of better class)


Home for Crippled and Invalid Children, St. Anne's Home, Brighton


Home for Mental Maladies, St. George's Retreat, Burgess Hill, Sussex (for paying patients, ladies only).


King Edward VII Sanatorium (for consumptives), Easebourne, Midhurst, Sussex. Founded 1905. 100 beds


Metropolitan Asylum Board for sick and convalescent children, Milfield, Rustington


Orphanage for Boys, Holy Trinity, Mayfield, Sussex (for boys of better class)


Orphanage for Boys, Littlehampton


Orphanage for Boys, West Grinstead


Orphanage for girls - Bexhill


Orphanage for girls - Brighton


Orphanage for girls - Holy Trinity, Mark Cross, Sussex (for girls of better class)


Orphanage for girls - Littlehampton


Orphanage for girls - Midhurst


Orphanage for girls - Uckfield


Orphanage for girls – Worthing



Refuge for Penitents, Manor House, Portslade


Richmond House Convalescent Home – Worthing, Sussex (for patients of the Infirmary for Consumption and Diseases for the Throat and Chest, Margaret Street, London W)


Rudgwick Sanatorium (for consumptives), Rudgwick, Sussex. Founded 1900. 14 beds


Rustington Convalescent Home.


Servants of the Sacred Heart - French Convalescent Home, Brighton


Sisters of Nazareth, Bexhill on Sea (poor elderly)


St. Elizabeth's Training Home for Servants, Midhurst (Poor Law School — for Children from Workhouses)


St. Joseph's, Littlehampton (boys)


St. Joseph's, West Grinstead (boys)


St. Marys Convalescent Home, Westbrooke, Worthing - under Sisters of Mercy


St. Mary's Orphanage for Boys, West Grinstead


St. Philip's Orphanage for Girls, Uckfield - Sisters of Mercy.


St. Thomas's, York Road, London General Lying-in


Warren Farm Poor Law School, Brighton


West Sussex County Asylum, Westbourne


Winter Home for Consumptive Girls, St Leonards on Sea, Sussex








Cardiff Mental Hospital


Fever Hospital, Cardiff


Home for Convalescents (consumptives), Haner y Ffordd, Queens Park, Colwyn Bay


House of Mercy, Lamphey, St Davids, Pembrokshire


Nazareth House, St. David's Convent, Cardiff (inclues a poor law school for girls)


Nordrach, Pendyffryn Hall, Capelulo, Penmaemawr. Founded 1900 (Sanatorium for consumptives)


Orphanage and Poor Law School of St. Clare at Pantasapli for girls, under the Sisters of Charity of Our Lady of Mercy


St. Michael's Home, Swansea - certified Poor Law School for boys


St. Michael's Home, Treforest, Pontypridd (Boys) - certified for children from the workhouse


Tan y Geulan, Llanfairfechan - Home for Convalescents (consumptives)


Vale of Clwyd Sanatorium for consumptives, Llanbedr Hall, Ruthin, Denbigh. Founded 1901 19


Yllis House, Clydach-on-Tawe (poor law school for boys and girls)






Aston Union Workhouse (incorporating the Chapel of St Joseph), run by Aston Poor Law Union


Catherine-de-Barnes Isolation Hospital, Henwood Lane, Catherine-de-Barnes (opened 1910 by Solihull District Council)


Coleshill orphanage for boys Birmingham Diocesan Rescue Society


Josiah Mason's Orphanage, Erdington, Birmingham


Monks Kirby, Warwickshire (orphanage for girls)


Orphanage for boys - St Edwards Home for Boys, Coleshill Birmingham Diocesan Rescue Society


St. John's Home, Gravelly Hill. Conducted by Sisters of Charity of St Paul (RC)


Warwick County Asylum, Hatton





Airedale and Wharfedale Isolation Hospital


Asylum for Aged Poor, Belle Vue Road, Leeds - Little Sisters of the Poor


Asylum for Aged Poor, Sheffield.


Bootham Lunatic Asylum, York (Became Bootham Park Hospital)


Boys’  industrial school - School of the Good Shepherd, Shibden, near Halifax


Bradford Sanatorium (for consumptives), Eastby, Yorkshire. Founded 1903


Cangrate Fever Hospital


Catholic Girls’ Protection Home, St Monica's, 179 Belle Vue Road, Leeds (Diocesan Rescue and Protection Society) (RC)


Catholic Rescue Home, St Margaret's, 15 Mount Preston, Leeds (Diocesan Rescue and Protection Society)


Clifton Lunatic Asylum, Calderdale


County and Fever Hospitals, York


Girls’  industrial school - St. Joseph's Home, Howard Hill, Sheffield


Home for Working Girls, Leeds


House of Mercy, Horbury, Wakefield


Institute for the Deaf and Dumb, Boston Spa (under the Sisters of Charity)


Kirkedge Moor, near Sheffield Temporary premises for boys' reformatory to replace the Reformatory Ship Clarence and St, Aiden's 1899-1907/8, Run by Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association


Leeds Hopital for Consumptives, Armley, Yorks. Founded 1903. 20 beds (free treatment available)


Leeds Sanatorium for consumptives. Gateforth Hall. Founded 1901. 32 beds (free treatment available)


Mount St Mary’s Orphanage for girls, Richmond Hill, Leeds under the Sisters of Mary Immaculate. Founded in 1863 by the Leeds Diocesan Rescue Society. Closed in 1950s. (RC)


Poor Law School for boys, Carr Street, Leeds


Sanatorium, Eldwick, Bingley


School of the Good Shepherd, Shibden, near Halifax ( industrial school for boys)


St. Joseph's Home, Howard Hill, Sheffield ( industrial school for girls)


St. Vincent's Boys' Home, Leeds. Founded c.1863 by the Leeds Diocesan Rescue Society  (with an extension used as an  industrial school)


West Riding Asylum, Burley


West Riding Asylum, Menston






Industrial school for girls, Salisbury (Sisters of Charity).


Royal Victoria Memorial Sanatorium (for consumptives), Winsley, Wiltshire. Founded 1904. 60 beds (free treatment available)





Midland Open Air Sanatorium (for consumptives), Bourne Castle, Belbroughton, Bromsgrove. Founded 1901. 20 beds


Worcestershire Sanatorium (for consumptives), Knightwick, Worcs. Founded 1902. 16 beds (free treatment available)





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We tend to think of asylums as places where people with mental illness are sent. In the nineteenth century the term was used much more broadly suggesting a general residential institution such as a children's home or orphanage.




Birmingham Diocesan Rescue Society


This Catholic organisation was founded in 1902 and is now known as Father Hudson's Society or Father Hudson's Care/ Still in existence today, their website is:




Catholic Protection and Rescue Society

(also known as the Catholic Protection and Rescue Society for orphans and homeless children)


Based in the Diocese of Salford, this was founded in 1886 by Bishop Vaughn (1872-1892). In 2010, this organisation became part of Caritas Diocese of Salford






Another name for tuberculosis or TB.




Cottage Homes


The cottage homes were built by Poor Law Unions as children's homes to take children out of the workhouse.


More on cottage homes here




Cottage Hospital


These were established in the 19th century as small local, often rural, hospitals which achieved funding through Poor Law legislation or local philanthropists to provide care for those who otherwise could not afford it.




Crusade of Rescue


This was established in 1859 and set up its first two homes in that year - St Mary's for girls in Walthamstow and St Vincent's in Hammersmith for boys. In 1985, the Crusade of Rescue became the Catholic Children’s Society (Westminster) which is still functioning today.




 Farm School


Farm schools were generally used for training children in farming skills - a working farm on which the children could do their learning while themselves working. They were generally a form of industrial school or reformatory (see below).




Father Berry's Homes for Friendless Catholic Children


Under the Liverpool Catholic Children's Protection Society (founded 1881), Father John Berry set up his first home in 1892 - St Phlips on Marble Street. He then took over a home in Shaw Street called St Vincent de Paul's House. Other homes on Shaw Street followed. Due to ill-health, he had to leave Liverpool in 1897 and the Society changed its name to Homes for Catholic Friendless Youths (Father Berry's Homes) and went on to open two homes in Canada for emigrated children - St. George's Home for Boys, Ottawa and St. Vincent's Home for Girls, Montreal.





In the 19th century, this was thought of as a medical term which meant that the oerson had some form of mental impairment - perhaps a learning disability or a mental illness. The British government's Royal Commission on the Care and Control of the Feeble-Minded (1904–1908), in its Report in 1908 defined the feeble-minded as:
[P]ersons who may be capable of earning a living under favourable circumstances, but are incapable from mental defect, existing from birth or from an early age: (1) of competing on equal terms with their normal fellows, or (2) of managing themselves and their affairs with ordinary prudence.




Fever Hospital


Fevers such as small pox and typhus were a massive problem in 19th century London, so much so that fever hispitals were established (through donations from benefactors to keep people with such infectious diseases all in one place - away from other hospitals and the workhouses where the infections may spread. Fever hospitals were also known as isolation hospitals.






Some early children's homes were called hospitals. They were not hospitals as we think of them but were more like what we understand as orphanages.




Hotel Dieu


Directly translated from the French, this means hostel of God. They were established by the Catholic church as hospitals for the poor.




Houses of Mercy

An institution for 'fallen women', primarily women who were pregnant and not married. They were Anglican organisations set up in the latter part of nineteenth century.




Industrial Schools


Unlike reformatories, children sent to industrial schools in the nineteenth century had not been found guilty of a crime but were thought likely to be criminals in the future (because of their circumstances or the company they kept) and so were sent to industrial schools for discipline and training. In later years, certainly by 1911, the difference between industrial and reform schools blurred with more children sent to industrial schools by the courts.


More on industrial schools here.






International Catholic Society for Protecting Girls (also known as the International Catholic Association of Organisations for the Protection of Girls)

This group was established in 1897 in Switzerland "to meet the needs of young girls who, because of social changes, had to live away from their own families". It is know known as the International Catholic Society for Girls.




Liverpool Catholic Reformatory Association

This was set up in 1863 to fund and manager reform schools. The first reform school it took on was the Ship Reformatory for boys in an fomer warship, the Clarence. This ran until it burnt down in 1899. In 1940, the Association became the Liverpool Catholic Training Schools Association.




Lying-in Hospital

Lying in hospitals were effectively the first dedicated maternity hospitals. The lying-in period was the period after childbirth when it was thought healthy for women to have  a period of bed rest.




Magdalen Asylum aka Mary Magdalene Asylums

Also known as Magdalene Laundries, these Catholic institutions generally took in women who were unmarried and pregnant. The fist Magdalene Laundries opened in London in 1758 (followed by similar institutions in Ireland). Many of these laundries were run as workouses with terrible conditions in them.




Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB)

The Board was set up by the Poor Laws in 1867 for the population of London who were both ill and poor. In 1930, its role was taken over by the London County Council.





This was a term used to describe (generally large) residential institutions for orphans. Some orphanages adhered strictly to taking in only orphans, others also took in children who had lost only one parent or whose family were destitute.

More on orphanages here






Poor Law Schools


The Poor Law Act of 1834 provided that poor children, including those in the workhouses should be given a basic education. Further Acts formalised this and increased the amount of education all children should receive. It was this 1834 Act that meant that Poor Law Unions - geographical areas - should send money on providing free education for poor children. Some of these schools were known as Poor Law Schools.




Receiving Home

A receiving home was a short-term home, Children would stay for a matter of days or weeks while they were assessed and a permanent placement could be found. The idea of receiving homes continued until late into the twentieth century.




Reformatories (also called reform schools)

were where children were sent by the courts if found guilty of a crime. They were strict places where children would receive some training in a work-based skill.


More on reformatories here.




Salesian Schools / Institutions

A Roman Catholic ecducation and religius education instituion estacbklished by Salesian Congregation of Saint John Bosco. They were intended for boys who were in need.




Training homes / schools

This was generally used as another term for an industrial school ie. a school or home to which children were sent if it was thought that they may need extra discipline to dissuade them from getting into trouble in the future.




Training Ships


A novel take on the industrial school was the industrial training ship. Children would be sent to the ships - there were several in 1901 - in the same way they would be sent to an industrial school. They would receive training appropriate for them to become a sailor.




Truant School


Truant schools were, in effect, a form of short-term industrial school. Whereas children were likely to be sent to industrial schools for a number of years, if not the remainder of their childhoods, children who were truanting could be sent for a lesser time to a truant school. In the early twentieth century, the term disappeared and the function merged with that of industrial schools.


More on industrial schools here




Workhouse School

When Poor Law Unions were building separate  residential accommodation for children, distinct from the workhouse, they were often called workhouse schools or Poor Law Schools. Generally, at the beginning of the twentieth century, these workhouse schools were either replaced or renamed as cottage homes or children's homes.




Working boys' and girls' homes


The idea behind homes for working children is that they would be a stepping stone between a children's home or orphanage and independent living. Older children would go into the working children's home and be helped into a job from which they would pay the home a proportion of their earnings for their board and lodging The idea continued until the 1970s.




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orphanages and institutions,

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PLEASE NOTE: The landscape of insututions in the nineteenth and early twentieth cetury was a very complex one and the organisations responsible for these institutions constantly changed (or their names changed). The details given here can be a guide only and cannot be taken as hard fact without further research.