Orphanages

 

In the nineteenth century, many large orphanages were set up by individual philanthropists and philanthropic organisations.

 

For orphanages established by charities, please see charity-run institutions.

 

While intially taking in only children who were orphans, the requirement to have no living parents was relaxed in the twentieth century and children were taken in for a far greater range of reasons including troubled family life and poverty.

 

Most orphanages set up by philanthropists in this way were closed in the mid twentieth century when there was a more formal and coherent state policy of looking after children in care.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examples of orphanages set up by philanthropists and philanthropic organisations:

 

The Foundling Hospital, London

 

RAOB (GLE) Orphanage, Aldridge, Walsall

 

Josiah Mason's Orphanage, Birmingham

 

Crossley Orphanage, Halifax

 

Muller Orphanage, Bristol

 

The Royal Albert Orphanage, Worcester

 

Royal Wolverhampton Orphanage

 

Chadwick's Orphanage, Bolton

 

Stockwell Orphanage

 

Heswall Orphanage

 

Grove House Orphanage, Harrogate

 

Reedham Orphanage

 

Clacton on Sea Orphanage

 

Orphanages related to particular trades or professions:

 

Other orphanages were run for children whose fathers died in the service of particular industries or employers such as:

 

The Railway Orphanage, Derby

 

The Webb Orphanage, Crewe

 

Woking Railway Orphanage

 

Royal Merchant Seamen's Orphanage

 

Royal Liverpool Seamen’s Orphanage

 

The Actors' Orphanage

 

Police orphanages

 

There were also at least 3 orphanages for the children of police officers:

 

Manchester Police Orphanage

1890s?

 

Metropolitan & City Police Orphanage

Based in Twickenham, 1870-1937

External site

 

St George's House, Northern Police Orphanage 

Based in Harrogate, 1898 – 1956External site

 

Orphanages set up by religious institutions

 

Many orphanages were set up by, or alongside, the Catholic Church and children were, in effect, separated according to their religion. For example, when Aston Union built its cottage homes at the very start of the twentieth century, it did not take Catholic children. Instead, Catholic children were sent to the independent orphanage set up by Father Hudson in Coleshill.

 

Nazareth House, Hammersmith, London

 

Nazareth Houses around the country

 

St Edward's Orphanage, Liverpool

 

St Vincent's Orphanage, Hampstead, London

 

Virgo Fidelis Orphanage, Central Hill, Upper Norwood

 

Many other orpahanges are listed on this site, please use our search facility and index.

 

 

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