Open Air Schools


Bristol: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Bristol Open Air School, Knowle

Open: 1913 - 1940


Barton Hill Open Air School: opened 1914

(In 1920 the school moved to St George's Park -girls only)


South Bristol Open Air School. Opened 1940 - 1953


Victoria Park Open Air School: Opened 1920




Delamare Fresh Air School


Lym Fresh Air School


Styal Open Air School





Hest Bank Open Air (Camp) School




Clacton on Sea Open Air School



Oak Bank Open Air School, Robinswood Hill, Gloucester

aka Tuffley Open Air School





Claremont Open Air School, Salford


Manchester: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Strinesdale Open Air School, Oldham




Lyndhurst Open Air School

St Patrick's Open Air School, Hayling Island




Newport House, Almeley





Are you looking for a convalescent home or open air school in Bromley? Perhaps you could help with our mystery Bromley home and photo  album?






Broadstairs open air school


Cliftonville Open Air School, Margate 


Fairfax House Open Air School, Broadstairs


Holy Cross Open Air School, Broadstairs

Laleham House School for Delicate Children, Cliftonville, Kent  (see Cliftonville OA School)


Oak Bank Open Air School, Seal, Sevenoaks


Wren's Warren Open Air School, Sutton Valence



Burnley Open Air School, Bank Hall, Thompsons Park




Western Park Open Air School, Leicester




Aspen House Open Air School, Streatham Hill


Birley House / Brent Knoll Open Air School, Forest Hill: opened 1908


Bostall Wood / London Open Air School: opened 1907 (non-residential)


Bow Road LCC Open Air School (opened c1952)


Deptford Open Air School: opened pre-1914


Forest Hill Open Air School


Geere House Open Air School, Stepney Green


Hazelbury open air school, Edmonton, Enfield


Kingston Open Air School

London Open Air School: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Regents Park Open Air Schools (non-residential)


Shooters Hill Open Air School: opened pre-1914 (non-residential)


Springwell House Open Air School, London (non-residential)


Stowey House Open Air School, Clapham Common


Upton House Open Air School, Hackney





Liverpool: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Torpenhow Open Air School, The Wirral

What are open air schools?


Open air schools, as an idea, was not restricted to England but in fact began on the continent in the early 1900s.


They were first conceived as a way of tackling tuberculosis which affected large numbers of people before the Second World War. The idea behind them was very simple - children would get as much fresh air as possible, spending much of their day outside and perhaps sleeping outside or in wards which were open to the elements. Many of the schools were residential and some children could live there for much of their childhood. Others stayed for only a short time.


While the initial focus on many of the first open air schools was on TB, later the focus shifted to more general health issues which it was felt would benefit from fresh air and exercise. Many of the children going into open air schools would have been described as 'delicate'.


The first open air schools in England were opened in London in 1908.


In his book 'The Open Air School' written in 1914, Hugh Broughton describes the very simple means by which classrooms were designed to allow fresh air in: "the room may be open on three sides while on the fourth there is a blank wall giving accommodation for blackboard pictures and cupboard."


After the second World War, there was a change in open air schools throughout the country as described in 

'The Open-Air Schools of Bristol and Gloucester'

by J. Shorey Duckworth (2005): "After the Second World War the situation with regard to open-air education changed dramatically. New treatments, including antibiotics had been introduced and new ideas formulated for dealing with ‘delicate’ children. Standards of living improved and the incidence of TB declined. More and more physically handicapped children were sent to the schools". 





Norwich: opened 1908 (non-residential)





Bainbridge Open Air School



Ketttering: opened 1908 (non-residential)




Barnsley: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Doncaster Open Air School, Blaby




Hanchurch Open Air School




Limpsfield GrangeOxted


St Dominic's Roman Catholic Residential Open Air School, Hambledon




Brynglas Open Air School, Newport



Corley Open Air School


Haseley Hall Residential School for Boys, Wroxhall




Baskerville Open Air School, Harborne, Birmingham


Cradley Heath Open Air School, Sandwell


Marsh Hill Open Air School aka Erdington Open Air School, Birmingham


Northfield Open Air School


Reedswood Open Air School, Reedswood Park, Walsall: opened 1919


Uffculme / Birmingham Open Air School: opened c 1908 (non-residential)




Itchingfield Open Air School




Bradford: opened 1908 (non-residential)

Bermerside Open Air School, Halifax (aka  Quarry House School, Northowram)

Moorlands Open Air School, Dewsbury


Odsal Open Air School, Bradford


Sheffield: opened 1908 (non-residential)


Cropwood Open Air School, Blackwell, Bromsgrove

Hunters Hill Open Air School, Blackwell, Bromsgrove


Malvern Open Air School


Rose Hill Open Air School, Windermere Drive, Warndon, Worcester: opened 1926

(Became a special school which closed in 2007.

Regency High School is on the Rose Hill site)


Skilts Open Air School, Redditch


Wylds Lane Open Air School, Worcester

Do you have memories of being in an open air school?


Do you know about the open air schools that served your area?


Please help us complete this directory


We would love to hear from you.

This open air school directory is a new venture, and sadly there are some counties I as yet don't have any information about. If you know of open air schools that are not listed, or are looking for infomation about schools in a particular county, please let me know. Thank you.


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